The Temple of
Luxor was built by King Amenhotep III around1400 BC, although Ramses II also did extensive work on it during his
reign. Infact, he added the entire south end to the temple! Pharaohs Tutankhamun
and Horemheb also did work on the temple during their reigns.
The Temple of Luxor is on the east bank of the Nile River. In ancient times, the capital city of Egypt was not Cairo, but Thebes, which is modern day Luxor . This meant
that the temple of Luxor was right in the heart of the ancient capital.
The temple was dedicated to the god Amon-Re, his wife Mut and their son Khonsu. Many festivals took place here, including the festival of Opet . During this festival, the Egyptians believed that the pharaoh would be changed into a divine being! The festival lasted over 20 days!
Even though the Temple of Luxor is HUGE (it once housed a whole village within its walls), it was lost for thousands of years as it was buried under the streets of Luxor. Most of it has been uncovered and you can now visit this amazing temple!